Fluoroscopic Guided Hip Joint Injection – Technique and Overview

Name of Procedure

  • Fluoroscopic/x-ray guided hip intraarticular joint injection (with or without steroid)

Sample Opnote

Goal

To inject a medication into the hip joint

Indications

Several potential indications, usually to treat pain from osteoarthritis

Contraindications

Anatomy

For the purposes of hip injections, anatomy is straightforward.

  • For an intraarticular injection:
    • The anterior or lateral border of the femoral neck provides a good target for the needle tip (blue dot)
    • Ideally the contrast will spread around the neck such as near the junction of the head and neck (purple line)
  • The greater trochanteric bursa is just lateral to the greater trochanter

Equipment/Skills

See our disposables/equipment article for “core” supplies that are common to all procedures. Highlights below:

  • Core Equipment
    • c-arm, c-arm compatible bed
  • Core Disposables
    • Procedure tray. As outlined in the above link, core supplies include a pointer, syringes for subcutaneous local, syringe for injectate, drape.

Additional specific supplies/setup:

  1. Bent 22g quincke needle
  2. 3cc syringe with about 2cc contrast
  3. 5cc syringe with desired injectate:
    1. bupivacaine/lidocaine
    2. steroid (dexamethasone/triamcinolone)

Landmarks and Patient Positioning

Position the patient in a basic supine position so that the bottom of the c-arm can go under the table below the hip.

Technique

For this guide we’ll outline a lateral to medial approach, although there are other approaches like straight anterior to posterior.

Find your entry point:

  • In an AP view you do not have a good sense of where your needle is in an anterior-posterior direction (ie, it’s depth):
    • If you check a lateral, unless both legs are perfectly aligned, it might be hard to know your needle depth in the anterior/posterior direction.
    • Also, a lateral usually isn’t necessary: If you just feel for the middle of the thigh to assess where the femur is, then that can be your entry point and trajectory in the frontal plane.
    • This is a complicated way of saying: feel the leg for the greater trochanter (marked below). This red line is the frontal plane that you want to keep your needle in while you’re advancing medial to hit the femoral neck.
lateral approach via trochanteric flip
Source: https://surgeryreference.aofoundation.org/orthopedic-trauma/pediatric-trauma/proximal-femur/approach/lateral-approach-via-trochanteric-flip#surgical-anatomy-of-a-right-hip

Start your procedure:

  1. Get an AP view so that you see the joint on one end of the image and a view of the lateral part of the leg/skin on the other end of the image, so as to see the needle’s full trajectory.
    1. In the image below, on the far left you see the entry point at the skin and trajectory of the needle:
  1. Anesthetize and then steer your 22g quincke needle towards the joint (staying in that frontal/red plane noted above)
  2. Inject a small amount of contrast to confirm spread in the joint
    1. You can see the contrast circling the top of the femoral neck above.
  3. From here inject the desired medication based on the specific procedure that you’re doing.

Tips

  1. Alternative approaches like an anterior-posterior needle approach are simpler for images since you just go straight down to to the joint and don’t have to worry about other planes/views.
    1. However there is vasculature that you could hit with this trajectory.

References